What Autoimmune Neurology Diagnostics Tests are available in India?
When a person has an autoimmune disease, their immune system targets their own healthy cells. Approximately80 different forms of autoimmune disorders exist, which affects different parts of the human body. Autoimmune “neurological” diseases are the ones where our own immune system turns against our own nervous system.
Today, autoimmune disorders are on the rise. The need for testing, therefore, is also growing rapidly. The autoimmune disease diagnostics market is exponentially growing in response to the rising prevalence of autoimmune illnesses.
Antinuclear antibody test, autoantibody test, complete blood count (CBC), comprehensive metabolic panel, c-reactive protein (CRP) test, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), urinalysis, and others make up the global autoimmune disease diagnostics market.
However, when it comes to autoimmune neurology diagnostics, we need specific, high end diagnostics and expert interpretation of the results, so that appropriate therapy can be provided to patients.
The idea of autoimmunity as the core cause of neurological diseases (where our own immunity turns against our own nervous system) is a novel one. Neuroimmunology in general, and Autoimmune Neurology in particular, is a fast-growing specialization of Neurology in the twenty-first century. The realization that autoantibodies can contribute to dysfunction of the brain and nervous system has brought about a paradigm shift in neurological diseases over the past decade, offering up important novel diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities. This discipline has changed dramatically in the recent decade, thanks to the discovery of new “nervous system specific” antibodies. Detection of specific autoantibodies to neuronal or glial proteins has resulted in a better understanding of central nervous system autoimmunity and in the reclassification of some diseases previously thought to result from infectious, ‘idiopathic’ or psychogenic causes.
The list of neuroimmune illnesses continues to grow. We’ve come a long way since the early days of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS), and Myasthenia Gravis (MG)to include disorders that were once thought to be only neurological. Neuroimmunology is now understood to play a role in Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, ALS, hereditary white matter abnormalities, epilepsy, neurodegenerative illnesses, neuropsychiatric disorders, peripheral nervous system, and neuro-oncological ailments, as well as behavioral and mood disorders.
It is extremely important to test for these antibodies as many are associated with treatable neurological diseases. Testing can help in ruling-out, or ruling-in an immunological disorder that may be responsible for the neurological symptoms present in a patient. When a patient comes with symptoms suggesting anautoimmune neurological disorder, early identification of antibodies is critical in deciding therapy. In most cases, patients are likely to improve with treatments such as immunotherapy.
Unfortunately, there is a) lack of awareness for autoimmune neurology as a widespread, but treatable spectrum of disorders b) lack of easy access to world class testing facility.
The complexity and problems that these intriguing topic presents are beyond the scope of standard routine labs, even if they are accessible from select Tier 1 hospitals. Actionable and impactful autoimmune neurology diagnostics necessitates the formation of a multidisciplinary team that combines neuroscientists’ and immunologists’ expertise and methodologies. The Neuro-Immunology Lab at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS) in Cochin is India’s first and only dedicated neuro-immunology research center. A team of professional immunopathologic, neuroscientists, neurologists and immunologists with over 60 years of combined expertise in research and diagnostic procedures runs the facility.
ZeiniX is a healthcare and life sciences products and services company which gives you access to the world class research and laboratory services at AIMS. Integrated with its seamless and highly specialized logistics support, ZeiniX connects doctors and patients across India to the state of the art, dedicated super-specialty neuroimmunology laboratory services. Testing for autoimmune neurology is now just a phone call away.
Autoimmune Neurology Diagnostics Tests Offered:
- Autoimmune Encephalitis Panel
- Paraneoplastic Panel of Neuronal Antibodies
- Autoimmune Epilepsy Panel
- Autoimmune Atypical Parkinsonism Panel
- Demyelinating Diseases Panel
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD)
- Myasthenia Gravis Panel
- Ganglioside Antibody Evaluation Panel
- Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel (VGKC)
- GABA-A Receptor Antibody
- GABA-B Receptor Antibody
- NMDA Receptor Antibody
- Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody
- MUSK Antibody
- NMO Antibody (AQP4)
- IgLON5 Antibody
- GFAP Antibody
- DPPX Antibody
To know more visit Autoimmune Nurology Diagnostics Services